Publication: Effective Biocontrol of Rice Blast through Dipping Transplantsand Foliar Applications
Title: Effective Biocontrol of Rice Blast through Dipping Transplantsand Foliar Applications
Authors: Ruth Murunde, Gideon Ringo, Louisa Robinson-Boyer and Xiangming Xu
Date: 27, Feb 2022
Abstract: Rice (Oryza sativa) is an increasingly popular food in Africa. As much as 30% of yields are lost due to blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae. Several commercial biopesticides of Bacillus subtilis, Trichoderma asperellum, and Serratia sp. strains were evaluated under field conditions for their effects against rice blast and yield at one site in Kenya and three sites in Tanzania in 2020 and 2021. Each biopesticide was applied as a dipping treatment at transplanting, post-transplanting foliar spraying, or both. Using biopesticides not only achieved blast control but also increased grain yield, particularly in low-production regions in Tanzania, with a yield increase of >100%. For higher-production sites with low disease pressure, the yield increase through biopesticides over the untreated control was limited, although significant disease suppression was achieved. Dipping alone was sufficient to suppress disease and improve yield unless disease pressure was high. The differences among the three biopesticides varied with site/year but generally were small. Improved yield using biopesticides is unlikely to result solely from reduced blast development, but also from improved plant development. The present study suggests that these commercial biopesticides should be applied in rice production, particularly in subsistence farming.
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