What is the diﬀerence between Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR) and Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR)?
ISR is usually initiated as a result of beneﬁcial microbes applied to the roots of the plant and increases the level of jasmonic acid […]View Details
How do plants ‘use’ the Bacillus subtilis applied to the soil to help protect the plant canopy from attack by diseases?
Scientists have measured a peculiar interaction between a plant under attack from a disease in the canopy. Root colonization by Bacillus subtilis increases (below […]View Details
Bacillus subtilis is known to produce lipopeptides, which destroy the cell membrane of powdery mildew spores on the leaf surface. (ref AgraQuest). These substances […]View Details
Real Trichoderma and Real Bacillus subtilis are endophytes. Real IPM is currently inves-tigating the endophytic attributes of its EPFs (Metarhizium and Beauveria).View Details
Phytopathogens are bacteria or fungi, often with part of their life cycle in the soil, which cause harm to the plant. Diseases are caused […]View Details
The mycorrhizae network in the soil may provide a physical structure for the Trichoderma and Bacillus to grown on. Mycorrhizae are usually only applied […]View Details
Mycorrhizae are an extension of the plant’s root system and the Trichoderma and Bacil-lus subtilis solubilise phosphate, create a larger physical plant root with […]View Details
Mycorrhizae spores remain dormant if phosphorous levels are above 70 ppm, however if you establish your mycorrhizae colony early on when phosphorous levels in […]View Details
Ecto-mycorrhizae form a sheath around the plant roots and mainly colonise conifers and oaks. Endo -mycorrhizae (vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae – VAM) will penetrate the […]View Details